Interventions for trichomoniasis in pregnancy

Cochrane Review by Gülmezoglu AM

This record should be cited as: Gülmezoglu AM. Interventions for trichomoniasis in pregnancy. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD000220. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000220.

ABSTRACT

Title

Interventions for trichomoniasis in pregnancy

Background

Vaginitis due to Trichomonas vaginalis is one of the most common of sexually transmitted diseases. Trichomoniasis affects women during pregnancy as well but it is not clearly established whether it causes preterm birth and other pregnancy complications.

Objectives

The objective of this review was to assess the effects of various treatments for trichomoniasis during pregnancy.

Search strategy

The Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials register was searched (15 January 2004).

Selection criteria

Randomized trials comparing antitrichomonas agents during pregnancy. Trials including symptomatic or asymptomatic women with trichomoniasis were eligible.

Data collection and analysis

Eligibility and trial quality was assessed by one reviewer.

Main results

Two trials with 842 pregnant women were included. In both trials around 90% of women were cleared of trichomonas in the vagina after treatment. In the US trial women with asymptomatic trichomoniasis between 16 to 23 weeks were treated with metronidazole on two occasions at least two weeks apart. The trial was stopped before reaching its target recruitment because metronidazole was not effective in reducing preterm birth and there was a likelihood of harm (relative risk: 1.8; 95% confidence interval: 1.2 to 2.7). The South African trial recruited women later in pregnancy and did not have the design and power to address adverse clinical outcomes.

Authors' conclusions

Metronidazole, given as a single dose, is likely to provide parasitological cure for trichomoniasis, but it is not known whether this treatment will have any effect on pregnancy outcomes. The cure rate could probably be higher if more partners used the treatment.

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