Advance misoprostol distribution for preventing and treating postpartum haemorrhage

Cochrane Review by Oladapo OT, Fawole B, Blum J, Abalos E

This record should be cited as: Oladapo OT, Fawole B, Blum J, Abalos E. Advance misoprostol distribution for preventing and treating postpartum haemorrhage. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 2. Art.No.:CD009336.DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009336.pub2.

ABSTRACT

Title

Advance misoprostol distribution for preventing and treating postpartum haemorrhage

Background

Advance community distribution of misoprostol for preventing or treating postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) has become an attractive strategy to expand uterotonic coverage to places where conventional uterotonic use is not feasible. However, the value and safety of this strategy remain contentious.

Objectives

To assess the effectiveness and safety of a strategy of advance misoprostol distribution for PPH prevention and treatment in non-facility births.

Search methods

We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group’s Trials Register (5 October 2011). We did not apply any language restrictions.

Selection criteria

Randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials of advance misoprostol distribution to lay health workers or pregnant women compared with usual care for PPH prevention or treatment in non-facility births. We excluded studies without any form of random design.

Data collection and analysis

Two review authors independently assessed trial eligibility for inclusion.

Main results

The search strategies identified three studies. None of the studies met the inclusion criteria.

Authors' conclusions

There is no evidence fromrandomised or quasi-randomised trials on the benefits or risks of a strategy of advancemisoprostol distribution for PPH prevention or treatment in non-facility births. In view of the increasing interest to scale up this strategy, there is an urgent need for large and well-designed randomised trials to evaluate its comparative benefits and risks.

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