WHO recommendations for the prevention and treatment of postpartum haemorrhage


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Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) affects approximately 2% of all women who give birth. It is associated with nearly 25% of all maternal deaths globally, being the leading cause of maternal mortality in most low-income countries. PPH is a significant contributor to severe maternal morbidity and long-term disability as well as to a number of other severe maternal conditions generally associated with more substantial blood loss, including shock and organ dysfunction.

These guidelines are an update of the “WHO recommendations for the prevention of PPH” published in 2007 and the “WHO guidelines for the management of PPH and retained placenta” published in 2009. This document represents WHO’s normative support for using evidence-informed policies and practices in all countries.


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