Data and statistics

Reducing child mortality to achieve MDG 4
Overall, substantial progress has been made towards achieving MDG 4. The number of under-five deaths worldwide has declined from 12.7 (12.5, 12.9) million in 1990 to 6.3 (6.1, 6.7) million in 2013. This translates into 17 000 fewer children dying every day in 2013 than in 1990.

Global Health Observatory

WHO's portal providing access to data and analyses for monitoring the global health situation

fact buffet


6.3 millionchildren under age five died in 2013,
nearly 17 000 every day.

Under-five mortality

Causes of death

83%of deaths in children under age five are caused by infectious, neonatal or nutritional conditions.

Causes of under-five mortality

Preventing under-five deaths

59%of children with suspected pneumonia are taken for treatment to an appropriate care provider.

Care seeking for pneumonia

Mortality and global health estimates

Essential health technologies

Essential medicines

Governance and aid effectiveness

Health financing

Health workforce

Service delivery

Health equity monitor

International Health Regulations (2005) Monitoring Framework

Women and health

Urban health


Risk factors

Health systems response

Infectious diseases

Global influenza virological surveillance

Meningococcal meningitis

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

Injuries and violence

Road safety

Violence against women

Substance use and mental health

Substance use disorders

Mental health

Environmental health

Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

MDG 1: child underweight

MDG 4: child health

MDG 4: immunization

MDG 5: maternal and reproductive health


MDG 6: malaria

MDG 6: neglected tropical diseases

MDG 6: tuberculosis

MDG 7: water and sanitation

MDG 8: essential medicines