- Tous > Public Health, Innovation, Intellectual Property and Trade > Technology Transfer and Local Production
- Mots-clés > access to medicines
- Mots-clés > Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP)
- Mots-clés > local manufacture of pharmaceuticals
- Mots-clés > local manufacturing initiative (The)
- Mots-clés > local pharmaceutical industry
- Mots-clés > local production
- Mots-clés > local production - medical technologies
- Mots-clés > local production capacity
- Mots-clés > pharmaceutical industry
- Mots-clés > technology transfer
(2017; 67 pages)
Under the 2008 World Health Assembly‘s Global Strategy and Plan of Action on Public Health, Innovation and Intellectual Property, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) was invited as a stakeholder to take action on the issue of transfer of technology in the pharmaceutical area and the local production of health products in developing countries. In response, UNCTAD in cooperation with German International Cooperation (GIZ) is implementing, inter alia, a project on "Access to High Quality and Affordable Medicines in Africa and South-East Asia", which focuses on the need to provide coherence among domestic policies aimed at promoting local production of pharmaceutical products and access to medicines.
The present document is one of the outputs of this project. It draws on a 2011 series of case studies on "Local Production of Pharmaceuticals and Related Technology Transfer in Developing Countries", which under a joint project with the World Health Organization (WHO) analyzed selected firms and regulatory frameworks in various countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America.
It seeks to assist policy makers in understanding the cross cutting nature of promoting local production. The Tool Box provides a brief presentation of the most relevant policy tools in this regard.
The Tool Box does not attempt to resolve the question of desirability of local production as compared to the importation of medicines. It is addressed to those governments that have made the policy decision to promote local manufacturing and that wish to prepare a framework for sustainable production and, to the greatest possible extent, increased access to medicines.
The Tool Box is meant to contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), in particular SDG 3 (Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages by developing and providing essential medicines in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) and Public Health), SDG 9 (Build resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation by supporting domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries), and SDG 17 (Revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development, inter alia by enhancing policy coherence for sustainable development).