- Tous > Public Health, Innovation, Intellectual Property and Trade > Technology Transfer and Local Production
- Tous > Medical Devices > Policies
- Mots-clés > access to health technologies
- Mots-clés > availability, affordability, quality and safety - medical devices
- Mots-clés > country case studies
- Mots-clés > local production
- Mots-clés > local production - medical devices
- Mots-clés > medical devices - strategies
- Mots-clés > medical devices (MD)
- Mots-clés > medical technologies - innovation process and access
- Mots-clés > technology transfer
(2016; 192 pages)
Appropriate, affordable and good quality medical devices are indispensable in healthcare services. They serve for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases. In the context of the Global Strategy and Plan of Action on Public Health Innovation and Intellectual Property, the World Health Organization (WHO) with support from the European Union developed this project report on medical devices access through local production. This report presents the second phase of activities of local production and technology transfer for medical devices (LPTTMD) project, as well as a situational analysis of the challenges in access to medical devices, technology transfer and local production of essential medical devices in four sub-Saharan countries (viz. Ethiopia, Nigeria, South Africa and Tanzania). The objectives of this project were to improve access to priority medical devices, present country case studies and develop a road map on activities to improve availability and consider local production where appropriate. Phase II reviewed the findings from the phase I survey with respect to barriers and challenges to access and applied the feasibility tool (revised from phase I) to enable strategic selection of a device of high public health importance that could be produced locally.
The detailed analysis of medical devices policies conducted in the four selected case study countries (Ethiopia, Nigeria, South Africa and Tanzania) helped identify the landscape related to regulation, use of medical devices and the opportunities for the development of local medical devices. In addition, information from the in-country application of the phase I survey conducted with local stakeholders helped to gain specific local information on barriers and challenges to access including aspects such as an analysis of regulation, taxation, tariffs, maintenance, technical specification, as well as lists of approved medical devices for reimbursement and procurement. An important focus of the work was to support and align with the implementation proposal of the United Nations Commission on Life-Saving Commodities for solutions to decrease maternal, neonatal and child mortality.