1. Brief history of acupuncture
2. Basic theory
• Philosophy of traditional Chinese medicine, including but not limited to concepts of yin-yang and the five phases.
• Functions of qi, blood, mind, essence and body fluids, as well as their relationship to one another.
• Physiological and pathological manifestations of zang-fu (visceral organs) and their relationship to one another.
• Meridians and collaterals, their distribution and functions.
• Causes and mechanisms of illness.
3. Knowledge of acupuncture points
• Location of the 361 classical points on the 14 meridians and the 48 extraordinary points. Location and anatomical description of the Commonly Used Points selected for Basic Training.
• Alphanumeric codes and names, classifications of points, direction and depth of insertion of needles, actions and indications of the commonly used points listed in the Appendix.
• Methods of diagnosis, history taking, inspection and tongue diagnosis, palpation and pulse taking, auscultation and olfaction.
• Differentiation of syndromes according to the eight principles, the theory of visceral manifestations (zang-fu), the theory of qi and blood, and the theory of meridians and collateral vessels.
5. Treatment (as permitted by national laws and health service regulations)
Principles of treatment
• Practical application of theory and diagnosis to treatment in each individual case.
• Appropriateness of acupuncture treatment for the patient.
• Planning of the acupuncture treatment to be given.
• Appropriate selection of points and methods of needle manipulation.
• Limitations of acupuncture, and need for referral to other health professionals or specialists.
Guidelines on safety in acupuncture
• Needling: sterile and safe needling technique, selection of needles, proper insertion, depth, duration, manipulation (various measures of reinforcement, reduction, uniform reinforcement-reduction) and withdrawal, and contraindications of needling.
• Microsystems acupuncture used in the country concerned: theory, location of points and applications.
• Electrical stimulation and laser therapy: theory and applications.
• Moxibustion: direct and indirect methods, appropriate use and contraindications.
• Cupping methods: appropriate use and contraindications.
Treatment of the diseases, illnesses, and conditions for which patients commonly seek acupuncture treatment
Acupuncture treatment of emergencies
Prevention in traditional medicine