The experience of the Alliance, UNAIDS and WHO showed that many NGOs, CBOs and PLWHA groups already involved in HIV/AIDS care, advocacy and prevention were being challenged to do something about improving access to treatment for people living with HIV/AIDS. Most of these groups, however, had limited experience and/or knowledge about treatment. Available resources proved difficult to adapt for small groups without medical expertise.
At the same time, the experiences of other NGOs, CBOs and PLWHA groups that were already carrying out creative and effective work on HIV/AIDS-related treatment were often not documented. This meant that they were not making full use of the lessons learned, whether to improve the quality of their own work or to help others by sharing these lessons.
As a response, the handbook that has been developed is a collection of information, tools and lessons on a range of topics related to improving access to HIV/AIDS-related treatment for people living with HIV/AIDS.