Agypong, I., Anum, P., Arhinful, D., Ofori-Adjei, D. (1996) The impact of group development of treatment norms at PHC levels in the greater Accra Region. Final report. Ministry of Health, Greater Accra Region and Centre for Clinical and Tropical Pharmacology, University of Ghana Medical School.
Anderson, G., & Lexchin, J. (1996) Strategies for improving prescribing practice. Canadian Medical Association Journal
Angunawela, I., Diwant V., Tomson, G. (1991) Experimental evaluation of the effects of drug information on antibiotic prescribing: A study in outpatient care in an area of Sri Lanka. International Journal of Epidemiology 20(2): 558-564.
Avorn J., & Soumerai, S.B. (1983) Improving drug-therapy decisions through educational outreach. A randomized controlled trial of academically based detailing. New England Journal of Medicine 308(24): 1457-1463.
Avorn, J., Soumerai, S.B., Everitt, D.E., et al. (1992) A randomized trial of a program to reduce the use of psychoactive drugs in nursing homes. New England Journal of Medicine 327: 168-173.
Bapna, J.S., Shewade, D.G., Pradham, S.C. (1994) Training medical professionals on the concepts of education and rational drug use. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 37(4): 399-400.
Bexell, A., Lwando, E., Tembo, S., von Hofsten, B., Diwan, V. (1995) Does information improve prescribing practice and patient management in primary health care? Report from an international study in 16 health centres in Lusaka, Zambia. East and Central African Regional Essential Drugs Programme Training Project, 1991-1994. Management Sciences for Health, Boston, MA: 247-265.
Brasseur, P., Kouamouo, J., Moyou-Somo, R., Druilhe, P. (1992) Multi-drug resistant falciparum malaria in Cameroon 1987-1988: I. Stable figures of prevalence of chloroquine resistant isolates in the original foci. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 46(1): 1-7.
Cameroon Baptist Convention Health Board (1996) Statistics. Bamenda, North West Province, Cameroon.
CDC/WHO (1996) EpiInfo, 6.03.
Chalker, J. (1995) Effect of a drug supply and cost sharing system on prescribing and utilization: a controlled trial from Nepal. Health and Planning 10(4): 423-430.
Chowdhury, A.K.A., Khan, O.F., Matin, M.A., Haque, A., Bhuiya, A.L. (1995) Effect of standard treatment guidelines and small group training on prescribing for diarrhoea in under-five children in Thana health complexes in Bangladesh. Unpublished report. International Network for the Rational Use of Drugs.
Chowdhury, A.K.A., Khan, O.F., Matin, M.A., Begum, K., Galib, M.A. (1996) Effect of standard treatment guidelines with or without audit on prescribing for acute respiratory infections in government health facilities in Bangladesh. Unpublished report. International Network for the Rational Use of Drugs.
Cohen, S.J., Stookey, G.K., Katz, B.P. et al (1989) Encouraging primary care physicians to help smokers quit. Annals of Internal Medicine 110: 648-652.
Christensen, R. (1990) A strategy for the improvement of prescribing and drug use in rural health facilities in Uganda: a randomized controlled trial. Report of an assignment carried out under the auspices of the Uganda Essential Drugs Management Programme, 2 September-11 October.
Cummings, S.R., Richard, R.J., Duncan, C.L., et al. (1989) Training physicians about smoking cessation: a controlled trial in private practices Journal of General Internal Medicine, 4(6): 482-489.
de Vries, T., Henning, R., Hogerzeil, H., Bapna, J., Bero, L., Kafle, K., Mabadeje, A., Santoso, B., Smith, A. (1995) Impact of a short course in pharmacotherapy for undergraduate medical students; an international randomized controlled study. Lancet 346(8988):1454-1457.
Delacollette, C., Van der Stuyft, P., Molima, K. (1996) Using community health workers for malaria control; experience in Zaire. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 74(4): 423-430.
Evans, C.E., Haynes R.B., Birkett, N.J., et al. (1986) Does a mailed continuing education program improve physician performance? Results of a randomized trial in anti-hypertensive care. Journal of the American Medical Association 255(4): 501-504.
Fauveau, V., Stewart, M., Chakraborty, J., Khan, S. (1992) Impact on mortality of a community-based programme to control acute lower respiratory tract infections. Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Gani, L., Tangkilisan, A., Pujilestary, L. (1995) An educational approach to improve management of diarrhoeal disease in children among the public physicians in Jakarta. Unpublished report. Applied Diarrhoeal Diseases Research Project.
Gehlbach, S.H., Wilkinson, W.E., Hammond, W.E., et al. (1984) Improving drug prescribing in a primary care practice, Medical Care 22(3): 193-201.
Glenberg, A.M. (1988) Learning from data: an introduction to statistical reasoning. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, New York.
Gonzalez Ochoa, E., Armas Perez, L., Bravo Gonzalez, J.R., Cabrales Escobar, J., Rosales Corrales, R., Abreu Suarez, G. (1996) Prescription of antibiotics for mild acute respiratory infections in children. Bulletin of the Pan American Health Organization 30(2): 106-117.
Greco, P.J. & Eisenberg, J.M. (1993) Changing physician practices. New England Journal of Medicine 329(17): 1271-1273.
Guiscafre, G., Munoz, H., Padilla, G., Reyes, R.M., Gonzalez, E., Bronfman, M., Gutierrez, G. (1988) Evaluation of the strategy designed to promote changes in the prescription pattern of oral hydration, antibiotics and restrictive diets by family physicians. Archive Investigaciones Medicine (Mex) 19(4): 395.
Guiscafre, G., Martinez, H., Reyes, H. Perex-Cuevas, R., Castro, R., Munoz, O, Gutierrez, G. From research to public health interventions. Impact of an educational strategy for physicians to improve treatment practices of common diseases. Archives of Medical Research
Guiterrez, G., Guiscafre, H., Bronfman, M., Walsh, J., Martinez, H., Munoz, O. (1994) Changing physician prescribing patterns: evaluation of an educational strategy for acute diarrhoea in Mexico City. Medical Care 32(5): 436-446.
Hadiyono, J.E., Suryawati, S., Danu, S.S., Sunartono, D., and Santoso, B. (1996) Interactional group discussion: results of a controlled trial using a behavioural intervention to reduce the use of injections in public health facilities. Social Science and Medicine 42(8): 1177-1183.
Hamm, R.M., Hicks, R.J., Bemben, D.A. (1996) Antibiotics and respiratory infections: are patients more satisfied when expectations are met? Journal of Family Practice 43(1):56-62.
Hogerzeil, H., & Walker, J. (1989) Impact of an essential drug programme. Lancet January 12.
Hogerzeil, H., Bimo, D., Ross-Degnan, D.G., Laing, R.O., Orofi-Adjei, D., Santoso, B., Chowdhury, A.K., et al. (1993) Field tests for rational drug use in twelve developing countries. Lancet
Hogerzeil, H. (1994) Training in appropriate prescribing. INRUD News 4(2):11.
Hogerzeil, H. (1995) Promoting appropriate drug prescription: an international perspective. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Homedes, N., Ugalde, A. (1993) Patients' compliance with medical treatments in the third world. What do we know? Health Policy and Planning 8(4):291-314.
Jennett, P.A., Laxdal, O.E., Hayton R.C., et al. (1988) The effects of continuing medical education on family doctor performance in office practice: a randomized control study. Medical Education 22(2): 139-145.
Kafle, K.K. Members of INRUD Nepal (1995) Intervention test of training and supervision on prescribing practices. Report to the Rational Pharmaceutical Management Project. Katmandu, Nepal.
Kafuko, J.M., Zirabumuzaale, C., & Bagenda, D. (1996) Rational drug use in rural health units of Uganda: effect of national standard treatment guidelines on rational drug use. Final report UNICEF/Uganda.
Laing, R., & Ruredzo, R. (1989) The Essential Drug Program in Zimbabwe: new approaches to training. Health Policy and Planning
Laing, R. (1990) An unsolved problem. Tropical Doctor.
Litvack, J. & Bodart, C. (1993) User fees plus quality equals improved access to health care: results from a field experiment in Cameroon. Social Science and Medicine 37(3):369-383.
McConnell, T.S., Cushing, A.H., Bankhurst, A.D. et al. (1982) Physician behaviour modification using claims data; Tetracycline for upper respiratory tract infection. Western Journal of Medicine 137(5): 448-450.
Ofori-Adeji, D. (1994) Drug use in two supply systems in Ghana. INRUD News 4(2): 10.
Okwaare, K.J., et al. (1994) Update on Uganda. INRUD News 4(2): 23.
Oxman, A., Thomson, M., Davis, D., Haynes, RB. (1995) No magic bullets: a systematic review of 102 trials of interventions to improve professional practice. Canadian Medical Association Journal
Putnam, R.W., & Curry, L. (1989) Physicians' participation in establishing criteria for hypertension management in the office: Will patient outcomes be improved? Canadian Medical Association Journal 140(7): 806-809.
Quick, J.D., Laing, R., Ross-Degnan, D. (1991) Intervention research to promote clinically effective and economically efficient use of pharmaceuticals: the International Network for the Rational Use of Drugs. Journal Clinical Epidemiology 44(supp 2): 575-655.
Ross-Degnan, D., et al. (1992) A strategy for promoting improved pharmaceutical use: the International Network for the Rational Use of Drugs. Social Science and Medicine 35(11): 1329-1341.
Ross-Degnan, D., Laing, R., Santoso, B., Ofori-Adjei, D., Diwan, V., Lamoureaux, C., Hogerzeil, H. (1997) Improving pharmaceutical use in primary care in developing countries: a critical review of experience and lack of experience. Presented at the International Conference on Improving Use of Medicines, Chiang Mai, Thailand, April 1-4, 1997.
Sauerborn, R., Bodart C., Essomba, R. (1995) Recovery of recurrent health service costs through provincial health funds in Cameroon. Social Science and Medicine 40(12):1731-1739.
Soumerai, S.B., McLaughlin, T.J., Avorn, J. (1989) Improving drug prescribing in primary care: a critical analysis of the experimental literature. The Milbank Quarterly 67(2):268-317.
Soumerai, S.B., Salem-Schatz, S., Avorn, J., et al. (1993) A controlled trial of educational outreach to improve blood transfusion practice. Journal of the American Medical Association 270(8): 961-966.
Stross, J.K., & Bole, G.G. (1983) The impact of a new rheumatologist on the management of rheumatic disease patients in the community. Arthritis & Rheumatism 26 (8): 1033-1036.
Stross, J.K., & Bole, G.G. (1985) Evaluation of an educational program for primary care practitioners on the management of osteoarthritis. Arthritis & Rheumatism 28(1): 108-111.
Stross, J.K, Banwell, B.F., Wolff, F.M. et al. (1986) Evaluation of an education program on the management of rheumatic diseases for physical therapists. Journal of Rheumatology 13(2): 374-378.
Stross, J.K., Hiss, R.G., Watts, C.M. et al (1986) Continuing education in pulmonary disease for primary care physicians. American Review of Respiratory Disease 127(6): 739-746.
Sunartono, D. & Darminto B., (1995) From research to action: the Gunungkidul experience. Essential Drugs Monitor 20: 21-22.
Thomas, M., Cherian, A., Mathai, D. (1996) Intervention to promote rational drug use - measuring the impact. Unpublished article.
Van der Geest, S (1982a) The efficiency of inefficiency: medicine distribution in south Cameroon. Social Science and Medicine
Van der Geest, S. (1982b) The illegal distribution of Western medicines in developing countries: pharmacists, drug peddlers, injection doctors and others: a bibliographic exploration. Medical Anthropology 6: 197.
Van der Geest, S. (1983) Propharmacies: a problematic means of drug distribution in rural Cameroon. Tropical Doctor 13(1): 9-13.
Van der Geest, S. (1985) Unequal access to pharmaceuticals in southern Cameroon: the context of a problem. Studies in Third World Societies 34: 141-166.
Van der Geest, S. (1987a) Pharmaceuticals in the Third World: the local perspective. Social Science in Medicine 25(3): 273-276.
Van der Geest, S. (1987b) Self-care and the informal sale of drugs in south Cameroon. Social Science and Medicine 25(3): 293-305.
Van der Geest, S. (1987c) The secondary importance of primary health care in south Cameroon. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry 6(4): 365-383.
Van der Geest, S. (1991) Marketplace conversations in Cameroon: how and why popular medical knowledge comes into being. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry 15(1): 69-90.
Vinicor, F., Cohen, S.J., Mazzuca, S.A. et al. (1987) A randomized trial of the effects of physician and/or patient education on diabetes patient outcomes. Journal of Chronic Diseases 40(4): 345-356.
Walker, G.J., Hogerzeil, H.V., Sallami, A.O., Alwan, A.A., Fernando, G., Kassem, F.A., (1990) Evaluation of rational drug prescribing in Democratic Yemen. Social Science and Medicine 31(7): 823-828.
White, C.W., Albanese, M.A., Brown D.D. et al. (1985) The effectiveness of continuing medical education in changing the behaviour of physicians caring for patients with acute myocardial infarction. Annals of Internal Medicine 102(5): 686-692.
Wolff, M.J. (1993) Use and misuse of antibiotics in Latin America. Clinical Infectious Diseases 17 (Supp2): S346-S351.
World Bank (1993) World Development Report: Investing in Health, Oxford University Press, Oxford, England.
World Bank (1995) Cameroon: diversity, growth and poverty reduction. Report no. 13167-CM. Population and Human Resources Division, Central and Indian Ocean Department, African Regional Office.
World Health Organization (1993) How to investigate drug use in health facilities: selected drug use indicators, Action Programme on Essential Drugs, WHO/DAP/93.1.
World Health Organization (1994) Public education in rational drug use: report of an informal consultation, Action Programme on Essential Drugs, WHO/DAP/94.1.
World Health Organization (1995) The use of essential drugs. Technical Report Series no. 850.
ZEDAP (1995) ZEDAP essential drugs survey, March-May 1995. Zimbabwe Essential Drugs Action Programme, Directorate of Pharmacy, Zimbabwe Ministry of Health and Child Welfare.