Injection Practices in the Developing World - Results and Recommendations from Field Studies in Uganda and Indonesia - EDM Research Series No. 020
(1996; 157 pages) Voir le document au format PDF
Table des matières
Afficher le documentExecutive summary
Afficher le documentAcknowledgements
Ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenu1. Introduction
Ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenu2. Towards a rapid assessment methodology for injection practices research
Ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenu3. Background: the social and cultural context of injections
Ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenu4. The prevalence of injection use in Uganda and Indonesia
Ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenu5. The popularity of injections in Uganda and Indonesia
Ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenu6. The appropriateness of injection use in Uganda and Indonesia
Ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenu7. Conclusions and recommendations
Afficher le documentReferences
Fermer ce répertoireAppendix 1: Indicators for injection use and for assessment of hygienic practices
Afficher le documentAppendix 1.A Specific research questions35
Afficher le documentAppendix 1.B Indicators36
Afficher le documentAppendix 1.C Revised/simplified WHO-Guidelines for evaluating the hygienic aspects of injection administration37
Ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenuAppendix 2: Methods applied in the injection practices research
Ouvrir ce répertoire et afficher son contenuAppendix 3: Tools used in the injection practices research
 

Appendix 1.A Specific research questions35

35Injection practices research, WHO/DAP/92. 9: 9-11.

During the first workshop of the Injection Practices Research (1990), the following research questions were formulated:

Concerning the types of health care providers administering injections:

1a - Which health care institutions and which practitioners are administering injections in a certain region?

1b - Which institutions and practitioners - both formal and informal - are most often visited by people for injections?

Concerning the distribution channels of injections:

2a - Where do the institutions and practitioners obtain the injections that they administer to patients? Do they obtain the injections from a government source, or from the commercial private sector?

Concerning the indications for which injections are generally used:

3a - What are the main indications for which the health care providers are administering injections?

3b - What are the disorders for which people seek injection treatment?

3c - Why are injections chosen for these indications?

Concerning the appropriateness of injection use:

4a - To what extent do people use injections to treat tracer conditions, defined as:

• cough and common cold in any age

• acute diarrhoea, less than five watery stools per day, in children under five and an additional three indications identified by the country teams, which do not warrant injection treatment?

4b - Why are injections administered in the above five tracer conditions, while their use is not medically justified?

4c - Which types of injections are used in the treatment of the five tracer conditions?

4d - To what extent are injections administered in sub-standard hygienic conditions?

Concerning the reputed efficacy of injection use:

5a - What is the expected effect/or experienced effect of the injectable medication?

If appropriate:

5b - Why did the provider choose an injection instead of an oral medication?

5c - Why did the user prefer an injection instead of an oral medication?

5d - Why are injections administered in an unhygienic manner? Do people lack training? Do they lack resources?

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