These guidelines are intended to facilitate the work of research scientists and clinicians in the field of acupuncture and to provide some reference points for those who contribute to and support clinical studies on acupuncture. The guidelines can also be used by academic institutions. Related appropriate reviews and journals can evaluate reports and articles on the subject. It is hoped that these guidelines will be found general enough to enable institutions in each Member State to modify them to meet their own specific needs. In addition, the guidelines may be useful to health authorities which regulate acupuncture practice and provide indications for acupuncture treatment.