Article 27.1 of the TRIPs Agreement provides that any invention may be patented, whether for a product or a process «in all fields of technology». It adds that «patents shall be available and patent rights enjoyable without discrimination as to... the field of technology».
This provision may be seen as one of the major concessions by developing countries in TRIPs. It puts an end to one of the most disputed issues in the history of patent law and has virtually global scope. It will not only have a direct impact on those countries which still do not allow drugs to be patented, but will also prevent any step backward in those countries. which do allow such patentability, at least until the TRIPs Agreement is revised.