Global tuberculosis report 2019. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2019
(2019; 297 pages)

Resumen

The World Health Organization (WHO) has published a global TB report every year since 1997. Its purpose is to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of the TB epidemic, and of progress in the response to the epidemic, at global, regional and country levels, in the context of global commitments and strategies. The report is based primarily on data gathered by WHO in annual rounds of data collection, and databases maintained by other multilateral agencies. In 2019, data were reported by 202 countries and territories that account for more than 99% of the world’s population and estimated number of TB cases.

In this report, WHO is announcing that the first milestone towards one of the targets set in the political declaration at the UN high-level meeting on TB has been achieved: 7 million people were reached with TB care in 2018. Nonetheless, there were still around 3 million people with TB who either had no access to quality care or were not reported, and only one in three people with drug-resistant TB accessed care. There has been an expansion of access to TB preventive treatment, but the numbers currently being reached fall far short of what is needed to reach the target of providing preventive treatment to at least 30 million people in the period 2018–2022. The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Global Fund) has recently been replenished with more resources than ever before for HIV, TB and malaria, but despite this good news, progress continues to be impeded by shortfalls in domestic and international funding for TB prevention and care, and for TB research.

WHO has been intensifying its efforts to support countries in accelerating the TB response, with the engagement of all stakeholders. Actions taken in the past year include high-level missions to countries to optimize the national response; the development and roll-out of new guidelines, roadmaps and tools; the implementation of the WHO Director-General’s Flagship initiative, “Find. Treat. All. #EndTB”, undertaken jointly with the Global Fund and the Stop TB Partnership; strengthened collaboration with civil society; and implementation of a multisectoral accountability framework for TB to drive sustained action across all sectors.

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