Evidence needed for antimicrobial resistance surveillance systems. (Bull World Health Organ 2019;97:283–289)
(2019; 7 pages)


One Health surveillance for antimicrobial resistance has been promoted by the scientific community and by international organizations for more than a decade. In this article, we highlight issues that need to be addressed to improve the understanding of the effectiveness of One Health surveillance for antimicrobial resistance. We also outline the evidence needed to support countries planning to increase the level of integration of their surveillance system. Based on experience in Canada and other countries, we argue that more effort is needed to understand and measure the added value of One Health for antimicrobial resistance surveillance and to identify the most effective integration strategies. To date, guidelines for the development of One Health surveillance have focused mainly on the types of data that should be integrated. However, it may be necessary to apply the concept of One Health to surveillance tasks beyond data integration to realize the full value of the approach. Integration can be enhanced across different surveillance activities (data collection, analysis, interpretation and dissemination), taking account of the different skills and perspectives of experts and stakeholders involved. More research is needed to investigate the mechanisms through which a One Health approach to surveillance can increase the performance of antimicrobial resistance surveillance and, ultimately, improve health outcomes.

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