National Guidelines on Management of Tuberculosis in Children Kenya. Second Edition, August 2013
(2013; 89 pages)

Resumen

Treatment of tuberculosis has over the years focused more on adults leaving children unattended appropriately as medical practitioners considered children of little epidemiologic significance. Available data indicate that more than 11% of TB cases notified in Kenya are children below 15 years. This is thought to be an under estimate considering the challenges faced in diagnosing TB in children. With the emergence of Drug resistant TB, children are victims of contacts and poor case control of adult TB cases. This pool of cases will defeat the ultimate aim of eliminating TB. Kenya has pioneered interest in TB control amongst children by defining the epidemiologic parameters for children in age groups 0–4, 5–9 and 10 – 14 years. Since children are born without TB and they are an important segment of the society for they signify the future, these guidelines seek to provide guidance to the management of TB in children. It seeks to demystify TB diagnosis in children especially with the coming of new diagnostic methods expected to revolutionize TB diagnosis and management. The guideline is specifically designed for general health care workers’ readership and is therefore expected to stimulate interest in paediatric TB treatment and how to protect the children from getting infected. This guideline will also act as a reference material for medical students, researchers and the community.

 
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