Baltic Statistics on Medicines 2010–2012
(2013; 164 pages)


This book is a statistical summary of the medicines consumption data of the Baltic countries (Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania) in 2010–2012. The national consumption statistics are published annually in all the Baltic countries; this is the first joint publication which provides comparative data illustrating the trends of interest and the national differences.

Medicines are classified according to the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification and the Defined Daily Dose (DDD) is used as a measurement – both of these are proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO) for the medicines consumption studies. These systems are coordinated by the WHO Collaborating Centre for Drug Statistics Methodology in Oslo.The history of the Baltic countries has been quite similar during last 70 years. At the beginning of the 1940’s all Baltic countries were occupied by the Soviet Union – during the Soviet period all the medicinal products were supplied centrally and the selection and availability of the products was similarly limited in all countries. When countries regained their independence in the early 1990’s the national health care systems and marketing authorization procedures were developed with some differences between the countries. Since May 1st, 2004 all the three countries are Member States of the EU and their frame for regulating the pharmaceutical market is based on the same basic directives and regulations. Still, national differences may be met in some areas. Over the 20 years of development the drug regulatory agencies have become stable organisations with all the possibilities to meet the developments in science, pharmaceutical industry and legislation. Current publication gives the reader an overview of how the differences and similarities of our countries have influenced the drug use. You will find the description of the reimbursement systems, an overview of the medicinal products market and other related subjects followed by the data on the consumption of the main groups of medicines. The specialists of the State Agencies of all three countries were involved in compiling this publication and we hope that it is the beginning of a new tradition.

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