Scaling up Antimicrobial Resistance, Drug and Therapeutics Committees, and Rational Drug Use Activities in Ethiopia - A Collaborative Strategy for Success, February 2007: Course Report
(2007; 71 pages)


The Drug Administration and Control Authority of Ethiopia (DACA) in collaboration with Rational Pharmaceutical Management Plus (RPM Plus) program of Management Sciences for Health (MSH) and support from United States Agency for International Development (USAID) successfully initiated a country level advocacy for antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Ethiopia and the process is gaining momentum. The first AMR stakeholders’ meeting was held on 2nd March, 2006 followed by a “Call-To-Action National Workshop on AMR Containment” from November 16-18, 2006. There were more than 60 participants from hospitals, Ethiopia Health and Nutrition Research Institute (EHNRI), academia, research, professional associations, media, and government institutions who are keen to see this initiative succeed. There is need to provide continued technical support to implement the action plan for the national AMR program that was drafted by relevant stakeholders. DACA in collaboration with RPM Plus/MSH and support from USAID also organized a national Drug and Therapeutics Committee (DTC) and Training of Trainers (TOT) course from August 16 to September 2, 2006. Forty medical doctors and pharmacists participated from twenty hospitals from all over the country to establish DTCs in health facilities. There is need to provide continued technical support and encouragement to the trainees in order to enable them to establish functional DTCs and implement related DTC activities. RPM Plus has pharmacy associates geographically positioned in all the regions of Ethiopia to provide technical assistance and mentorship to health facilities in their catchment area. However,there is a need to build the technical and operational skills of these staff in the areas of AMR, DTC, and Rational Drug Use (RDU) so that they can provide active follow-on support. As part of the sustainability plan and joint effort, there is also need to build the technical and operational skills of Regional Health Bureau (RHB) pharmacy staff to provide follow-up support to health facilities in these activities. Hence it was proposed that a training program on AMR, DTC and RDU activities be organized jointly by DACA and RPM Plus to meet these needs.

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