Since 2006, a lot of work has gone into identifying essential medicines for children and optimal paediatric dosage forms in general. The first WHO Model List of Essential Medicines for children was published in 2007, and the second in March 2009. The first Model Formulary for Children has been available since June 2010. Now is an opportune time to focus on the optimal way to deliver these medicines to children in need. One such way is the use of flexible solid oral dosage forms of medicines that can be made into liquid at the time of use only.
Dispersible tablets can be dispersed in liquid before administration. The tablets may be uncoated or filmcoated and usually disperse within three minutes when put in water or a small amount of breast milk. The use of ‘dispersible tablets’ is similar to ‘powder for oral suspension’ or ‘granules for oral suspension.’ Recently, the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF have begun to promote the development of paediatric dosage forms for children of various ages, including dispersible tablets which disperse in water or a small amount of breast milk.