(2008; 3 pages)
Self-medication is the use of nonprescription medicines by people through using their own initiative. It has also been defined as obtaining and consuming medication without professional supervision, which comprises of acquiring medicines without a prescription, purchasing drugs by resubmitting/ reutilizing an old prescription, taking medicines on advice of relative or others, or consuming left-over medicines already available at home.
Recent development of the pharmaceutical industry contributes to a widespread availability of over-the-counter (OTC) medications - which in turn promote self-medication. The most commonly available OTC medications are pain-killers, cough and cold remedies, anti-allergy medicines, vitamins and energy tonics.