Protection and Promotion of Traditional Medicine - Implications for Public Health in Developing Countries
(2002; 131 pages) Ver el documento en el formato PDF
Índice de contenido
Ver el documentoThe South Centre
Ver el documentoPREFACE
Ver el documentoINTRODUCTION
Abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoI. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND TRM
Abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoII. RATIONALE FOR PROTECTION
Abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoIII. APPLYING EXISTING IPRS
Cerrar esta carpetaIV. POLICY OPTIONS: PROTECTING AND PROMOTING TRM
Ver el documentoA. Defining Public Domain
Ver el documentoB. Title
Abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoC. Applying Patent Laws
Ver el documentoD. Utility Models
Ver el documentoE. Designing a sui generis Regime
Ver el documentoF. Enforcement
Ver el documentoG. Misappropriation Regime
Ver el documentoH. Investment Incentives
Ver el documentoI. Benefit Sharing
Ver el documentoJ. Customary law
Ver el documentoV. IPRs AND PUBLIC HEALTH
Ver el documentoVI. CONCLUSIONS
Ver el documentoREFERENCES
 

IV. POLICY OPTIONS: PROTECTING AND PROMOTING TRM

The previous sections have indicated different objectives and the scope available for the protection of TRM under IPRs. This section discusses some of the problems to be faced in order to implement different forms of IPRs-based protection. Such problems include - but are not limited to - the boundaries of the public domain, the attribution of rights, and enforcement issues. This section also discusses a number of policy options relating to the IPRs protection of TRM.

It must be acknowledged from the outset that the vast literature available on this subject exhibits a great variety of opinions on the desirability of extending IPRs protection to traditional knowledge, ranging from rejection of such possibility as inappropriate or likely to distort, rather than support, indigenous systems, to the belief that IPRs may benefit both knowledge holders and the society as a whole.131 These different views arise from multiple philosophical, legal and ethical perceptions of the status of such knowledge and the role of local/indigenous communities, as well as from diverging opinions and expectations as to the socio-economic implications of IPRs protection. The discussion that follows is essentially underpinned by concerns about the possible implications of IPRs in the area of public health.

131 See, e.g. Blakeney, 2000.

 

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