The Liga Medicorum Homeopathica Internationalis (LMHI) (International Homeopathic Medical League) (LMHI) (http://www.lmhi.net/) was established in 1925 and represents about 8000 homeopathic practitioners in 50 countries. Its objectives are to: support member countries in their efforts to secure legal recognition of homeopathy; create links among licensed homeopaths with medical diplomas; and provide help and support to national homeopathic organizations on education in homeopathy, research into homeopathy and documentation of homeopathic practices. It also promotes reimbursement of homeopathic treatment within health insurance schemes.
Established in 1987, the World Federation of Acupuncture-Moxibustion Societies (WFAS) (http://www.who.int/ina-ngo/ngo/ngo194.htm) has nearly 60 000 members from 73 acupuncture organizations from 40 countries in several regions. Of those members, 70% (35 000) are either medical doctors, or have graduated from TM colleges and universities that are officially recognized by national government (as in China, the Republic of Korea and Viet Nam). The remaining members are acupuncturists who are licensed to practise. WFAS promotes understanding and cooperation among acupuncture-moxibustion groups through-out the world, strengthens international academic exchanges on acupunturemoxibustion and contributes to the development of the science of acupuncturemoxibustion. WFAS has worked with WHO to develop WHO technical guidelines and inter-national standards relating to acupuncturemoxibustion. This has included contributing to a number of WHO technical documents on acupuncture.
The World Federation of Chiropractic (WFC) (http://www.wfc.org/) works with national and international organizations to provide information and other assistance in the fields of chiropractic and world health; promotes uniform high standards of chiropractic education, research and practice; works to develop an informed public opinion among all peoples with respect to chiropractic; and upon request provides advice on appropriate legislation for chiropractic in member countries. Current activities with WHO include research on low back pain and collection of information on the regulation and registration of the practice of chiropractic by countries. The latter will assist WHO in reviewing and documenting the legal status of TM.
A federation of 54 member associations, the World Self-Medication Industry (WSMI) (http://www.wsmi.org/guide.html) was founded in 1970, and represents manufacturers and distributors of nonprescription medicines - that is, over-the-counter medicines, a large proportion of which are herbal medicines. Many companies that develop, manufacture and market herbal medicines belong to WSMI's member associations. WSMI encourages the development of self-medication industry associations to promote the understanding and development of responsible self-medication. Indeed, it requires member associations to develop and implement voluntary codes of advertising practice and encourages consumer-friendly labelling. WSMI has been in official relations with WHO since 1977 and worked with the Organization to develop guidelines for assessing herbal medicines, and methodology for research and evaluation of herbal medicines. It has also contributed research data to support development of the WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants.