IEHK 2006 is not designed for immunization or nutritional programmes: kits covering immunization and nutritional requirements may be ordered after an assessment of needs (see Annex 7).
Experience in emergencies involving displaced populations has shown that measles is one of the major causes of death among young children. The disease spreads rapidly in overcrowded conditions, and serious respiratory tract infections are frequent, particularly in malnourished children.
Measles vaccine administration should therefore be given a high priority, with all children between six months and five years old being immunized. Children immunized before nine months should be re-immunized as soon after nine months as possible. All children in the target age group should be immunized, irrespective of history.
Children with clinical measles should be treated promptly for complications, enrolled in a supplementary feeding programme and given appropriate doses of vitamin A.