Does the foregoing mean that we are on the way to a «generic» human being with no nationality? Indeed, no. It means that the political role of the Nation State loses preponderance and that a large part of its role is transferred to supranational political institutions, thus creating areas that are larger than the Nation State, such as it has happened over the last two centuries. This new political space is created not only for international organizations (such as the United Nations), but also for supranational institutions like the decision-making bodies for integration processes, such as the European Community, the Andean Group, etc.
As a result, these processes involve two social decisions: a) to make national barriers less compact to facilitate the interchange, and b) to create supranational political institutions to which a good part of the regulatory functions required by the new dimensions of «social exchange» can be entrusted3.
3 Less powerful but already present, the justice dimension is another task for those institutions. A favourable exchange for nations with low levels of development, or even the physical transfer of resources for the less favoured national groups is therefore anticipated.
Bearing this in mind, nationality is quite a valid concept from a cultural point of view, although in the strictly political and economic sense, decisions often tend to be shared with other nationalities.