Sudan Journal of Rational Use of Medicine. SJRUM, Issue No. 06 - January 2014 (Self-medication)
(2014; 30 pages)


It is evident that irrational use of medicines may lead to increased morbidity, mortality, and prevalence of resistance to chemotherapeutics besides wasting efforts and resources. The main mission of SJRUM is to educate and disseminate information to the public and medical professionals. We anticipate that selecting the most pertinent topics would improve prescribing, dispensing, counselling, adherence and compliance at all different healthcare levels. We are very keen to make every now and then few special thematic issues that include certain important topics such as self-medication, poly-pharmacy and patient adherence to treatment inter alia. These special issues will be preceded by a series of workshops addressing those topics to spark much needed discussion among the entire stakeholders and to have wider feedback on all important aspects concerning rational use of medicines in Sudan.

The use of medications without prior medical consultation regarding indication, dosage, and duration of treatment is referred to as self-medication. In most illness episodes; selfmedication is the first option which makes it a common practice worldwide. Responsible self-medication which requires a certain level of knowledge and health orientation has some advantages. However, responsible selfmedication is not free of risk which can increase the burden and out- of- pocket expenses since it may result in adverse health effects that require medical intervention. Several studies investigating self-medications have revealed the use of sub therapeutic doses and frequent use of antibiotics and other POM. Self-medication is influenced by many factors such as education, gender, socioeconomic status and availability of medicines.

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