WHA67.22 - Access to Essential Medicines. WHA Resolution; Sixty-seventh World Health Assembly, 2014
(2014; 4 pages) [Arabic] [Chinese] [French] [Russian] [Spanish]

Abstract

REQUESTS the Director-General:

  1. to urge Member States to recognize the importance of effective national medicines policies, and their implementation under good governance, in order to ensure equity of access to affordable, safe, effective and quality-assured essential medicines and their rational use in practice;
  2. to facilitate and support the exchange of information and collaboration among Member States on best practices in the development and implementation of medicines policies;
  3. to support Member States in sharing best practices in the selection of essential medicines, and in developing processes for the selection of medicines for national essential medicines lists consistent with the evidence-based methods used for updating the WHO Model List of Essential Medicines;
  4. to support Member States in building capacity for the evidence-based selection of essential medicines, the development and dissemination of, and adherence to, clinical practice guidelines and the promotion of other strategies for the rational use of affordable, safe, effective and quality-assured essential medicines by health care professionals and the public;
  5. to support Member States in developing and implementing their national medicines policies and supply systems especially with regard to regulation, financing, selection, procurement, distribution, pricing, reimbursement and use, in order to increase their efficiency and ensure the access to safe, effective and quality-assured essential medicines, including high price essential medicines;
  6. to support Member States in systematizing information collection and strengthening monitoring mechanisms, in order to better detect and understand the causes of essential medicines shortages, and in developing strategies to prevent and mitigate the associated problems and risk caused by shortages;
  7. to urge Member States to expedite progress towards the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals and universal health coverage by, inter alia, implementing national medicines policies for improving access to affordable, safe, effective, and quality-assured essential medicines;
  8. to provide, as appropriate, upon request, in collaboration with other competent international organizations, technical support, including, where appropriate, to policy processes to Member States that intend to make use of the provisions contained in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, including the flexibilities recognized by the Doha Ministerial Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health and other WTO instruments related to that Agreement, in order to promote access to essential medicines, in accordance with the Global Strategy and Plan of Action on Public Health, Innovation and Intellectual Property;
  9. to report to the Sixty-ninth World Health Assembly on the implementation of this resolution.
 
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