- Keywords > clinical pharmacology
- Keywords > Essential Medicines List (EML)
- Keywords > pharmacotherapy
- Keywords > prescribers
- Keywords > rational prescribing
- Keywords > rational prescribing of medicines
- Keywords > rational use of medicines (RUM) / rational medicine use (RMU)
- Keywords > use of essential drugs
(1993; 1 page)
Due to an increase in demand, the funding and supply of vaccinations for certain countries has fallen short. The Children’s Vaccine Initiative (CVI) was launched in 1990, and a new Task Force was set up to address the shortage in supply. There are three supply strategies that vary in effectiveness depending on country: vaccine procurement, production sharing, and production. To analyze the global supply systems, 130 countries were plotted according to population size and wealth. If lower-income countries procure vaccines, medium sized countries procure or share in production, and large countries procure or produce their own vaccines, then the lower-income countries will receive the assistance they need. Fourteen countries were determined for “priority action” and will be visited by a team of experts who will formulate a vaccine supply plan. The UNICEF Vaccine Independence Initiative is offered to all countries, and other revolving fund programs have been implemented to help developing countries obtain vaccines. Estimating future demand is another aspect of solving the supply shortage. The Task Force is also working with countries to evaluate levels and causes of vaccine wastage, which is a problem when trying to forecast demand.
Abstract written by M. Tobin, 2013.