Essential Drugs Monitor No. 002 (1986)
(1986; 8 pages) [French] [Spanish]

Abstract

The second issue of the Essential Drugs Monitor begins by summarizing the discussion at the WHO Conference of Experts on the Rational Use of Drugs. The conference was held in Nairobi, Kenya from 25-29 November 1985. Participants created a series of recommendations for all parties involved in making drug use more rational. These parties included governments, the pharmaceutical industry, prescribers, academia, and media. One key point raised was that the responsibility of ensuring rational drug use lies with governments. Other recommendations from the conference included ensuring good manufacturing practices and quality control and determining ethical criteria for drug promotion. Director-General of WHO, Dr. Halfdan Mahler, also unveiled the WHO’s Revised Drug Strategy for the Thirty-Ninth World Health Assembly.

A second major article in the Monitor describes the UNICEF Procurement and Assembly Centre (UNIPAC) in Copenhagen, Denmark. The Centre began in 1953 as a branch of UNICEF responsible for the procurement and distribution of equipment for UNICEF, government, and development agency-aided projects. The article focuses on the work of UNIPAC, including the production of the Indicative Price List for all medicines on the WHO’s list of essential drugs and vaccines, expanding its suppliers to include more pharmaceutical companies from developing nations, and maintaining high quality control standards. This issue also includes features on a workshop on national drug policy and strategy in Tanzania in October 1985, an informal working group on educational materials for students at the WHO Regional Office for Southeast Asia in October 1985, and a rational use workshop in Sudan in November 1985. The Newsdesk highlights developments in national drug policy in Bhutan and Iran, recommendations to improve drug supply in Nepal, a new information service from the United States Food and Drug Administration, and financial problems in drug procurement in the Western Pacific Region. The Published Lately section highlights several new guidelines for rational use and drug quality control. This issue concludes with short features on recent WHO projects such as Product Information Sheets for equipment used for cold storage, a booklet on oral rehydration salts, and the WHO Certification Scheme on the Quality of Pharmaceutical Products Moving in International Commerce.

 
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