(2012; 45 pages)
The GDPA operates within the MOPH in Afghanistan and is the prime body for managing pharmaceutical activities within the country in both the public and private sectors.
For largely historical reasons of development in a post/on-going conflict situation, GDPA has suffered from a high degree of fragmentation, as units and departments have been added and revised in response to particular emergencies and funding patterns at a given time. As a result, in addition to undertaking an exceptionally wide range of functions, GDPA also often operates with multiple players and independent functional streams undertaking the same task, but without effective inter-communications and coordination.
MOPH recognizes the current difficulties on essential medicines and wishes to see a harmonized and integrated approach with a nationally coordinated methodology for ensuring effective management and control of pharmaceutical substances and activities. To this end, GDPA wishes to undertake reform, reorganization, and development of its functions to fulfill its overall mission, but recognizes that it has limited resources with which to address such major realignments and on-going needs.
A natural first step in determining the nature and extent of the development and assistance required by GDPA is to map and identify those particular areas and activities that may require support and assistance to achieve their goals. To this end, the technique of functional analysis was chosen to provide the necessary data and analysis.
The key objectives of functional analysis were to-
- Work with GDPA and MOPH staff to document the functions and goals of current systems, staffing, and resources and seek to address any immediate operational issues that may arise
- Clarify roles and responsibilities of existing GDPA departments and units in relation to each other, MOPH, other Ministries, and the overall health care environment
The USAID-supported Strengthening Pharmaceutical Systems (SPS) project in Afghanistan is providing technical assistance to GDPA to undertake the functional analysis, analyze the results, and contribute toward the long-term development of plans arising from the exercise.