Guidelines for Paediatric HIV/AIDS Care and Treatment in Ethiopia, 2007
(2007; 106 pages)


These guidelines address the care and treatment of HIV-exposed and infected infants and children. The recommendations are based on current knowledge regarding the use of antiretroviral drugs in children, both published and unpublished data, regarding treatment of HIV infection in infants, children and adults.

The guidelines focus on:

  • Early identification of HIV infection in HIV-exposed infants through routine prenatal HIV testing to all pregnant women in Ethiopia
  • Early diagnosis in older children through routine screening of sick children and active case finding
  • Provision of HIV/AIDS care to infected children, including ART to eligible children, regular laboratory and clinical assessments, prophylaxis and management of opportunistic infections
  • Effective management of the complex and diverse needs of HIV-infected children and their families using a multidisciplinary team approach
  • Monitoring growth and development, short and long-term toxicities and nutrition support for children and their families
  • Special considerations associated with adherence to antiretroviral care and treatment for infants, children and adolescents

The objectives of the guidelines are to:

  • Facilitate standardised provision of integrated comprehensive care and treatment to HIV-infected and exposed infants and children
  • Ensure evidence-based, safe and rational use of antiretroviral drugs
  • Serve as a resource to health care providers and people living with HIV/AIDS The target users are physicians, nurses and other healthcare providers, HIV/AIDS program managers, health planners in both private and public sectors and other health professionals.
The WHO Essential Medicines and Health Products Information Portal was designed and is maintained by Human Info NGO. Last updated: December 6, 2017