- Keywords > antiretroviral therapy (ART)
- Keywords > antiretrovirals
- Keywords > HAART (Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy)
- Keywords > HIV care
- Keywords > national treatment guidelines
- Keywords > opportunistic infections and other HIV-related
- Keywords > Standard Treatment Guidelines
- Keywords > treatment guidelines
- Keywords > treatment regimens
(2007; 55 pages)
In April 2006, Cambodia’s achievements in meeting national targets set under the World Health Organization’s (WHO) 3 by 5 Initiative for increasing access to care and treatment to 12,355 people living with HIV/AIDS by the end of 2005, were recognized in a ceremony attended by the WHO’s Regional Director. Within four years of implementing the Continuum of Care framework and publishing the 1st edition of the National ARV Treatment Guidelines, the number of patients receiving ARV treatment grew to over 20,000 patients nationwide. The urgency of preventing the illness, disability and death of people living with HIV/AIDS in Cambodia remains as strong as ever. It also strengthens prevention efforts by encouraging testing, reducing stigma and discrimination and potentially reducing transmission. The drugs are not a cure and there are problems associated with treatment, but life expectancy, quality of life, perception of HIV and health care utilization have all been transformed.
To ensure the quality of care of ART, the Ministry of Health agreed to officially implement the National Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Therapy for Adults and Adolescents, which were approved in 2001 and revised later in 2003. These national guidelines do not seek to address the complex operational requirements of comprehensive HIV care in general, nor of ARV provision in particular...