Effective health care requires a judicious balance between preventive and
curative health care services. A critical and often deficient element in curative
services is not only the inadequate supply of appropriate medicines but also
improper use of this scarce commodity.
The ministry of health has realized the extent of this problem , basing on
the result of several studies that have been carries out to investigate the
treatment practice and prescribing behaviour of the health workers in the health
facilities. It is from this background that the drug use guidelines for PHC
facilities have been developed to serve as a look towards improving prescribing
and dispensing practice by health care workers and thereby promoting rational
use of drugs.
The drug sheets are classifieds in alphabetical order in a format that
elaborates either of the following: Presentation of a particular product;
Therapeutic class; Indications; Dosages precautions; Side effects; Toxicology
and information to the patient.
The information provided is however not exhaustive and in case more detailed
and comprehensive information is needed, specialised literature should be sought
It should be noted that a letter after the presentation of each drug
indicates the lowest health facility where the drug may be available. It can be
available at all higher levels eg.: O = Village Health Post; A = Dispensary; B =