(2009; 158 pages)
Emergence of antimicrobial resistance is a result of the use, overuse and misuse of antibiotics both in humans and animals. In Ethiopia, there are indications on the misuse of antibiotics by health care providers’, unskilled practitioners, and drug consumers. These coupled with rapid spread of resistant bacteria and inadequate surveillance contributed to the problem. Bacterial infections are the major causes of death in Ethiopia. Studies on antibacterial resistance and on bacterial infections have shown that emerging antibacterial resistance threatens the management of bacterial infections; however, the prevention and containment has received far too little attention. The consequences of these states of affairs include increased mortality, morbidity, costs of treatment, and loss of production in animals. Since the causes and problems of resistance are complex, the interventions calls for multifaceted approaches with full involvement of all stakeholders who are involved in the use of antimicrobials, resistance prevention and containment efforts.
The objective of this baseline survey is to have base line information on antimicrobials use and resistance so that will be able to monitor use and resistance over time, evaluate the impacts of interventions and scale up effective ones to promote antibacterials rational use.