Improving Access to Essential Medicines and Creating Efficiencies by Encouraging the Uptake of Generic Medicines
(2010; 3 pages)


Effective health services cannot be achieved without equitable universal access to essential medicines. In most low- and middle-income countries, access to essential medicines for the treatment of the most common diseases is inadequate. Low availability of essential medicines is often caused by a lack of public resources or under-budgeting, inaccurate demand forecasting, and inefficient procurement and distribution. As well over 90% of essential medicines are available as generics, access to essential medicines is tightly linked with the question of generics uptake. Recent surveys in over 40 countries showed that availability of generic medicines was only 42% in the public sector and 64% in the private sector. A strategy that systematically promotes low cost generics will increase availability of essential medicines and consumer access to them....

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