Pharmaceuticals: Counterfeits, Sustandard Drugs and Drug Diversion. World Bank, HNP Brief #2
(2005; 4 pages)


Pharmaceutical products are attractive candidates for illegal trade, especially in developing countries. They are easily transportable, have high value per unit, and most importantly, their quality cannot be assessed readily by lay persons or even experts without the aid of a quality testing laboratory. The fact that in some countries the risk of prosecution is low and profit margins are high for counterfeiting pharmaceutical drugs, has enticed criminal organizations to become involved, some reportedly with links to the narcotics trade or other forms of organized crime...

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