Zanzibar experiences tropical marine climate and thus is covered with a variety of plants and spices both natural and cultivated. Some of these plants and spices have been used for generations for the treatment of common ailments found in the islands. According to WHO, in Africa up to 80% of the population uses traditional medicines to help meet their health care needs. Many people in Zanzibar also use traditional medicines and with the increased shortages of drugs in the public sector and their high prices in the private sector, the demand for traditional medicine has been increasing within the population. The MOHSW recognizes and advocates for the use of traditional medicine and supports the idea of incorporating it into the national health system with the objective of ensuring that traditional medicine treatment is done scientifically, rationally and with safety to the Zanzibaris Community.