Since their introduction, antimicrobials (antibiotics) have played an essential role in decreasing morbidity and mortality due to infectious diseases. However, infectious diseases remain the leading cause of death worldwide. In recent years, infections caused by resistant strains of microorganisms have been increasing worldwide. The alarm bells are sounding. Concern has been echoed by the world’s health community, with the adoption of a resolution on antimicrobial resistance at the World Health Assembly in 1998.