Standard Treatment Guidelines and Essential Drugs List for South Africa. Hospital Level, Paediatrics. Second edition, 2006
(2006; 438 pages)

Abstract
The Department of Health is committed to providing quality and affordable healthcare including access to medicines to all citizens in South Africa. This is a challenging task in our health care system. One of the goals of the National Drug Policy is to develop the full potential of drugs to improve the health status of South Africans within the available resources. The second edition of the Standard Treatment Guidelines (STGs) and Essential Drugs List (EDL) at Hospital Level for adults and paediatrics is a vehicle for the implementation of the National Drug Policy. Legislation has been adapted to address issues of affordability and improved access to medicines. Advocacy and training are vital elements for the successful utilisation of the Hospital Level STGs and EDL. The concepts of evidence based selection of medicines and cost-effective treatment protocols need to be included in the training of doctors, pharmacists, nurses and other health care professionals. Pharmacovigilance remains an important aspect of ensuring the safety of medicines used. A reporting form in this regard is included in the book. The inclusions of the ICD-10 codes for conditions should facilitate analysis, peer review, billing etc. The Hospital Level STGs and EDL are aimed for use at District and Regional Hospitals. Formularies remain the responsibility of Provincial Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committees. The Hospital Level STGs and EDL should be used as guidelines to develop these formularies. Updating the STGs and EDL is an ongoing process. Suggestions for improvement will be welcomed and considered. The intention of the STGs and EDL is to strengthen priority health interventions. The implementation of the Department’s Comprehensive HIV and AIDS Care, Management and Treatment Plan is encapsulated in this edition, particularly with regard to the use of antiretrovirals and treatment of opportunistic infections. First printed 1998 Second edition 2006
 
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