Regulatory Situation of Herbal Medicines - A Worldwide Review
(1998; 49 pages) [French] [Spanish] View the PDF document
Table of Contents
View the documentFOREWORD
Open this folder and view contentsI. INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contentsAfrica
Open this folder and view contentsThe Americas
Open this folder and view contentsEastern Mediterranean
Open this folder and view contentsEurope
Open this folder and view contentsSouth East Asia
Close this folderWestern Pacific
View the documentAustralia
View the documentChina
View the documentHong Kong
View the documentMacao
View the documentFiji
View the documentJapan
View the documentMalaysia
View the documentMongolia
View the documentNew Zealand
View the documentPhilippines
View the documentRepublic of Korea
View the documentSingapore
View the documentViet Nam
View the documentIII. CONCLUSION
View the documentIV. REFERENCES


Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a popular form of health care in Macao. Many of the people still consult doctors and practitioners of TCM. In addition, a very high percentage of the population regularly uses TCM in preparing soups, herbal teas or herbal tonics as supplementary food. In view of this situation, the Health Authority realized several years ago that it was crucial to establish laws and other regulations to improve the quality, efficacy and safety of these medicines, and to define the professional backgrounds and technical skills for trading in and dispensing pharmaceutical products, the most important aspects.

The first Chinese traditional pharmacy was registered in the Health Department in 1936, and by 1990, there were already 102 licensed traditional Chinese pharmacies. Since the law regulating licensing was very old, it could not deal with updated technological requirements developed in the last two decades. The new law, Decreta-Lei n 53/94/M, was enacted in November 1994 and aimed at better public health through adequate licensing of medicines, import, export and wholesalers companies, dispensing pharmacies, and pharmacists and other technicians of traditional pharmacies. Based on this law, a list which includes 456 types of traditional medicinal material which may only be sold in Chinese pharmacies of Macao was prepared. The list consists of two sub-lists: Part 1. - toxic traditional Chinese materials; and Part 2. - common therapeutic traditional Chinese materials. Under this law, a simple but effective registration system for imported traditional medicines, the so-called "alternative registration system" started to be implemented. Only traditional medicines which have been registered in a country can be imported into the Macao market; but for those from Hong Kong, Singapore and other countries without a registration system at the moment, the importer must provide analytical certificates issued by the manufacturer or recognized laboratories [127].

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