1. Approach to training
By the end of the course the student should have:
• a sound understanding of the essentials of anatomy (including the anatomical location of acupuncture points), physiology, and the basic mechanisms of disease;
• an understanding of the principles of hygiene, the common forms of disease and ill-health in the community, and their causative factors;
• proficiency in making a simple but competent examination of a patient, and in arriving at a tentative diagnosis and a reasonable assessment of the gravity of symptoms and signs;
• the ability to decide whether a patient may safely and suitably be treated by acupuncture, or should be referred to a health professional or facility; and
• training in first aid, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and the action to take in emergencies.
2. Scope and depth of training
These must be defined by the national health authorities, according to the duties and responsibilities the acupuncture practitioners will have in the national health system; including whether these will also involve the use of modern Western medicine (alone or in combination with acupuncture), and the degree of supervision under which the practitioner will work.