Guidelines on Basic Training and Safety in Acupuncture
(1999; 35 pages) [French] [Spanish] View the PDF document
Table of Contents
View the documentAcknowledgements
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction
Close this folderSection I: Basic training in acupuncture
View the document1. Purpose of the guidelines
Open this folder and view contents2. Use of acupuncture in national health systems
View the document3. Levels of training
View the document4. Training programmes
Close this folder5. Training of acupuncture practitioners
View the document5.1 Acupuncture practitioners
View the document5.2 Entrance requirements
View the document5.3 Duration of training
View the document5.4 Objective
View the document5.5 Core syllabus in acupuncture
View the document5.6 Core syllabus in modern Western medicine
View the document5.7 Other related fields of health care
View the document5.8 Examination
View the document6. Full training in acupuncture for qualified physicians
Open this folder and view contents7. Limited training in acupuncture for qualified physicians
View the document8. Limited training in acupuncture for primary health care personnel
View the document9. Selected acupuncture points for basic training
View the document10. Selected points for basic training in acupuncture
Open this folder and view contentsSection II: Safety in acupuncture
Open this folder and view contentsAppendix
View the documentAnnex I: List of participants

5.5 Core syllabus in acupuncture

1. Brief history of acupuncture

2. Basic theory

• Philosophy of traditional Chinese medicine, including but not limited to concepts of yin-yang and the five phases.

• Functions of qi, blood, mind, essence and body fluids, as well as their relationship to one another.

• Physiological and pathological manifestations of zang-fu (visceral organs) and their relationship to one another.

• Meridians and collaterals, their distribution and functions.

• Causes and mechanisms of illness.

3. Knowledge of acupuncture points

• Location of the 361 classical points on the 14 meridians and the 48 extraordinary points. Location and anatomical description of the Commonly Used Points selected for Basic Training.

• Alphanumeric codes and names, classifications of points, direction and depth of insertion of needles, actions and indications of the commonly used points listed in the Appendix.

4. Diagnosis

• Methods of diagnosis, history taking, inspection and tongue diagnosis, palpation and pulse taking, auscultation and olfaction.

• Differentiation of syndromes according to the eight principles, the theory of visceral manifestations (zang-fu), the theory of qi and blood, and the theory of meridians and collateral vessels.

5. Treatment (as permitted by national laws and health service regulations)

Principles of treatment

• Practical application of theory and diagnosis to treatment in each individual case.

• Appropriateness of acupuncture treatment for the patient.

• Planning of the acupuncture treatment to be given.

• Appropriate selection of points and methods of needle manipulation.

• Limitations of acupuncture, and need for referral to other health professionals or specialists.

Guidelines on safety in acupuncture

Treatment techniques

• Needling: sterile and safe needling technique, selection of needles, proper insertion, depth, duration, manipulation (various measures of reinforcement, reduction, uniform reinforcement-reduction) and withdrawal, and contraindications of needling.

• Microsystems acupuncture used in the country concerned: theory, location of points and applications.

• Electrical stimulation and laser therapy: theory and applications.

• Moxibustion: direct and indirect methods, appropriate use and contraindications.

• Cupping methods: appropriate use and contraindications.

Treatment of the diseases, illnesses, and conditions for which patients commonly seek acupuncture treatment

Acupuncture treatment of emergencies

Prevention in traditional medicine

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