Guidelines for Safe Disposal of Unwanted Pharmaceuticals in and after Emergencies
(1999; 36 pages) [French] [Spanish] View the PDF document
Table of Contents
View the documentAcknowledgements
Open this folder and view contents1. Introduction
Open this folder and view contents2. Disposal methods
Open this folder and view contents3. Sorting categories
Close this folder4. Recommended disposal methods by sorting category
Open this folder and view contents4.1 Solids, semi-solids and powders
Open this folder and view contents4.2 Liquids
View the document4.3 Ampoules
View the document4.4 Anti-infective drugs
View the document4.5 Controlled substances
Open this folder and view contents4.6 Antineoplastics
View the document4.7 Disinfectants
View the document4.8 Aerosol canisters
View the documentReferences
View the documentFurther reading
View the documentAnnex I: Disposal by incineration
View the documentBack cover

4.3 Ampoules

These can be crushed on a hard impermeable surface (e.g. concrete) or in a metal drum or bucket using a stout block of wood or a hammer. Workers doing this should wear protective equipment, such as eye protection, boots, clothing and gloves. The crushed glass should be swept up, placed in a container suitable for sharp objects, sealed and disposed of in a landfill. The liquids released from the ampoules should be diluted and disposed of as described above.

Ampoules should not be burnt or incinerated as they will explode, possibly causing injury to operators and damage to the furnace or incinerator. Melted glass will also clog up the grate of a furnace or incinerator if the operating temperature is above the melting point of glass.

Volatile liquids in small quantities can be allowed to evaporate in the open air.

NB: Ampoules of antineoplastics or anti-infective drugs must not be crushed and the liquid discharged to sewers. They should be treated using the encapsulation or inertization disposal methods described above.

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