(1997; 175 pages)
IV. Study Approach
The project will have three phases: planning, research and dissemination. The research phase is described in this section; for details of the planning and dissemination phases, see Section 7 below.
The research phase will evaluate national drug policies in 8 developing countries, and will produce a series of country studies that examine key processes of policy formulation and implementation. The research will combine summative and formative evaluation strategies (see Background Paper). Both quantitative and qualitative measures and approaches (described below) will be used in carrying out the analysis.
The 8 countries selected for this project are: Colombia, Guinea, India, Philippines, Sri Lanka. Vietnam, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. These developing countries from Africa, Asia, and Latin America have been chosen based on the following criteria: socio-economic status, political system and regime type, geographical and demographic factors, colonial history, existence or absence of a formal NDP, public-private mix and size of domestic pharmaceutical industry, availability of in-country contacts, and the existence of previous studies. They include some of the world's poorest countries, as well as some middle-income countries; countries with no pharmaceutical manufacturing capacity, as well as some with substantial capacity.
The implementation of the research phase of the project will involve:
1: Assessment of NDP performance, through the application of a standard set of indicators, in order to evaluate NDP outcomes as well as processes.
2: Two rounds of group evaluation as a means for a) Achievement of group consensus on methodologies, and the training of the country team coordinators (Round 1). and b) a comparative analysis of strengths and weaknesses of NDPs, and identifying key questions for the political mapping (Round 2).
3: Analysis of the NDP formulation and implementation processes, through the application of political mapping, in order to assess organizational and political variables. A second round of political mapping may be undertaken in a subset of the study countries, aimed at addressing specific questions that emerge from the first round of evaluations and political mapping.