Educational Initiatives for Medical and Pharmacy Students about Drug Promotion: An International Cross-Sectional Survey - EDM Research Series No. 036
(2005; 61 pages) View the PDF document
Table of Contents
View the documentAcknowledgements
Open this folder and view contentsExecutive summary
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentMethods
Close this folderResults
View the documentSample characteristics
Close this folderHow is education on drug promotion included within the curriculum?
View the documentAmount of education
View the documentTypes of promotion covered
View the documentRegulation and ethics of drug promotion
View the documentEducational techniques
View the documentInvolvement of pharmaceutical sales representatives
Open this folder and view contentsMain objectives for education about drug promotion
View the documentDiscussion
View the documentConclusions
View the documentReferences
View the documentAppendix 1: Sample questionnaire
View the documentAppendix 2: Country breakdown in total
 

Amount of education

Table 3 describes the amount of time spent in education on drug promotion. Nearly one-third of medical faculty respondents reported only 1 to 2 hours spent on drug promotion within the required curriculum. When promotion was covered within electives, usually a minority of students took the elective. The proportion did not differ between medical and pharmacy faculties.

Table 3: How many hours are spent educating students about drug promotion?

Within the required curriculum

Pharmacy
n=91

Medical
n=137

Combined
n=228

1 to 2 hours

16 (18%)

43 (31%)

59 (26%)

3 to 7 hours

31 (34%)

48 (35%)

79 (35%)

8 or more hours

18 (20%)

11 (8%)

29 (13%)

Promotion not included in required curriculum

26 (29%)

35 (26%)

61 (27%)

Within elective courses

Pharmacy
n=29

Medical
n=32

Combined
n=61

1 to 2 hours

7 (24%)

13 (41%)

20 (33%)

3 to 7 hours

14 (48%)

11 (34%)

25 (41%)

8 or more hours

8 (28%)

8 (25%)

16 (26%)

Elective is the only form of instruction mentioned

6 (21%)

6 (19%)

12 (20%)

How many students take this elective?

Less than 10%

10 (34%)

11 (34%)

21 (34%)

10-25%

10 (34%)

8 (25%)

18 (30%)

26-50%

5 (17%)

5 (16%)

10 (16%)

More than 50%

3 (10%)

8 (25%)

11 (18%)

In specialty/ residency training

Pharmacy
(n=21)

Medical
(n=38)

Combined
(n=59)

1 to 2 hours

3 (14%)

16 (42%)

19 (32%)

3 to 7 hours

10 (48%)

16 (42%)

26 (44%)

8 or more hours

8 (38%)

6 (16%)

14 (24%)

Specialty/residency training is the only form of instruction mentioned

2 (10%)

4 (10%)

6 (10%)

In other ways

Pharmacy
(n=44)

Medical
(n=63)

Combined
(n=107)

1 to 2 hours

13 (29%)

29 (46%)

42 (39%)

3 to 7 hours

16 (36%)

19 (30%)

35 (33%)

8 or more hours

11 (25%)

8 (13%)

19 (18%)

‘Other’ is the only form of instruction mentioned

8 (18%)

15 (23%)

23 (21%)

Total reported time spent in education about drug promotion, from all types of courses combined, varied from 1 to 2 hours to over 40 hours. To facilitate analysis, total educational time was categorized into terciles. The lower third consisted of people reporting one half day or less of education about promotion in total; the middle third 4 to 9 hours; and the upper third of those reporting more than 10 hours of education. As shown in Table 3a below, nearly twice as many medical as pharmacy respondents reported educational time in total of one half day or less. There was little difference by region in the breakdown of time allocation.

Table 3a: Total time in education about drug promotion- all types of courses

Educational time by health profession

Pharmacy
n=91

Medical
n=137*

Combined
n=228

One half day or less

18 (20%)

51 (37%)

69 (30%)

> 4 and < 9 hours

23 (25%)

43 (31%)

66 (29%)

10 or more hours

50 (55%)**

39 (28%)

89 (39%)

 

* 3 responses missing on this question
**pharmacy vs. medical responses differed significantly, p<.05, chi square analysis


Table 3b: Total educational time - by region

Educational time by region

Europe
n=92*

Americas
n=56*

W Pacific
n=31*

Africa
n=20

SE Asia
n=20

E Mediterr
n=9

One half day or less

28 (30%)

18 (32%)

12 (39%)

5 (25%)

4 (20%)

3 (33%)

> 4 and < 9 hours

26 (28%)

18 (32%)

8 (26%)

5 (25%)

7 (35%)

2 (22%)

10 or more hours

37 (40%)

19 (34%)

10 (32%)

10 (50%)

9 (45%)

4 (44%)

 

* One missing response per region

to previous section
to next section
 
 
The WHO Essential Medicines and Health Products Information Portal was designed and is maintained by Human Info NGO. Last updated: August 29, 2014