(2001; 179 pages)
Nasopharyngitis, rhinitis and common cold
Nasopharyngitis is characterized by the presence of rhinitis and pharyngitis with fever. It is very common in young children. The cause is viral and no antimicrobials are required in most cases for either treatment or chemoprophylaxis. Antipyretics (not aspirin in children) can be given to control high fever.
Rhinitis of bacterial origin, including diphtheria in infants (see page 19), can occur. The common cold is caused by viruses and does not require treatment with antimicrobials.