WHO Model Prescribing Information: Drugs used in Bacterial Infections
(2001; 179 pages) View the PDF document
Table of Contents
View the documentPreface
View the documentIntroduction
Close this folderUpper respiratory tract infections
View the documentAcute pharyngitis
View the documentNasopharyngitis, rhinitis and common cold
View the documentOtitis media
View the documentAcute mastoiditis
View the documentAcute sinusitis
View the documentCroup (laryngotracheobronchitis)
View the documentEpiglottitis
View the documentDiphtheria
Open this folder and view contentsLower respiratory tract infections
Open this folder and view contentsOther respiratory tract infections
Open this folder and view contentsPerioral and dental infections
Open this folder and view contentsGastrointestinal tract infections
Open this folder and view contentsUrinary tract infections
Open this folder and view contentsSkin and soft tissue infections
Open this folder and view contentsBone and joint infections
Open this folder and view contentsSexually transmitted diseases
Open this folder and view contentsCardiovascular infections
Open this folder and view contentsCentral nervous system infections
Open this folder and view contentsMiscellaneous infections
Open this folder and view contentsSepticaemia
Open this folder and view contentsDrugs (for details of contraindications, etc., see individual drug entries)
 

Nasopharyngitis, rhinitis and common cold

Nasopharyngitis is characterized by the presence of rhinitis and pharyngitis with fever. It is very common in young children. The cause is viral and no antimicrobials are required in most cases for either treatment or chemoprophylaxis. Antipyretics (not aspirin in children) can be given to control high fever.

Rhinitis of bacterial origin, including diphtheria in infants (see page 19), can occur. The common cold is caused by viruses and does not require treatment with antimicrobials.

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