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Utilizing TRIPS Flexibilities for Public Health Protection Through South-South Regional Frameworks
(2004; 110 pages) [Spanish] View the PDF document
Table of Contents
View the documentTHE SOUTH CENTRE
View the documentPREFACE
View the documentABBREVIATIONS
View the documentEXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Open this folder and view contentsI. INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contentsII. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND ACCESS TO ESSENTIAL MEDICINES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
Open this folder and view contentsIII. CONSTRAINTS ON NATIONAL EFFORTS TO IMPLEMENT TRIPS FLEXIBILITIES FOR PUBLIC HEALTH PURPOSES
Open this folder and view contentsIV. OVERCOMING CONSTRAINTS IN THE USE OF TRIPS FLEXIBILITIES THROUGH SOUTH-SOUTH REGIONAL FRAMEWORKS
Open this folder and view contentsV. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
View the documentBIBLIOGRAPHY
View the documentBACK COVER
 

ABBREVIATIONS

ACTRIPS

Advisory Council on Trade-Related Innovation Policies

ADF

African Development Fund

AEC

African Economic Community

AICO

ASEAN Industrial Cooperation

AIDS

Acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome

ARV

Antiretroviral

AZT

Azidothymidine

BMS

Bristol-Myers Squibb

CBO

Community-based organization

CCH

Caribbean Cooperation in Health

ECG

Expert Consultative Group

EDL

Essential Drugs List

EDM

Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy Department, WHO

FORMED

Revolving Fund for Essential Drugs for Central America and Panama

FTAA

Free Trade Area of the Americas

GDP

Gross domestic product

GMP

Good manufacturing practices

HIV

Human immuno-deficiency virus

ICESCR

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

ICH

International Conference on Harmonization

LAFTA

Latin American Free Trade Association

MSF

Médecins Sans Frontières

MSH

Management Sciences of Health

NIHCM

National Institute of Health Care Research and Educational Foundation

NGO

Non-governmental organization

PPS

Pharmaceutical Procurement Service

R&D

research and development

REC

Regional Economic Community

SEATINI

Southern and Eastern African Trade Information and Negotiations Institute

STG

standard treatment guidelines

TF

Task Force

TRIPS

Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

TWN

Third World Network

UDHR

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

UK

United Kingdom

USPTO

United States Patent and Trademark Office

USTR

United States Trade Representative

Organizations

ACAME

African Association of Central Medical Stores for Generic Essential Drugs

ADB

African Development Bank

AMU

Arab Maghreb Union

ASEAN

Association of Southeast Asian Nations

ARIPO

African Regional Intellectual Property Organization

AU

African Union

CACM

Central American Common Market

CARICOM

Caribbean Community

CEMAC

Central African Economic and Monetary Community

COMESA

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

CRHCS

Commonwealth Regional Health Community Secretariat

EAC

East African Community

ECDS

Eastern Caribbean Drug Service

ECOWAS

Economic Community of West African States

ESARIPO

Industrial Property Organization for English-speaking Africa

EU

European Union

GCC

Gulf Cooperation Council

MERCOSUR

Common Southern Market

OAMPI

African and Malagasy Office for Industrial Property

OAPI

African Intellectual Property Organization

OAU

Organization of African Unity

OECS

Organization of Eastern Caribbean States

PAHO

Pan-American Health Organization

SAARC

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

SACU

South Africa Customs Union

SADC

Southern African Development Community

UEMOA

West African Economic and Monetary Union

UNAIDS

UN Joint Programme on AIDS

UNCTAD

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNIDO

United Nations Industrial and Development Organization

WHO

World Health Organization

WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organization

WTO

World Trade Organization

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