WHO Guidelines on Good Agricultural and Collection Practices (GACP) for Medicinal Plants
(2003; 80 pages) [French] [Spanish] View the PDF document
Table of Contents
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentForeword
Open this folder and view contents1. General introduction
Open this folder and view contents2. Good agricultural practices for medicinal plants
Open this folder and view contents3. Good collection practices for medicinal plants
Open this folder and view contents4. Common technical aspects of good agricultural practices for medicinal plants and good collection practices for medicinal plants
Open this folder and view contents5. Other relevant issues
View the documentBibliography
View the documentAnnex 1. Good Agricultural Practice for Traditional Chinese Medicinal Materials, People's Republic of China
Close this folderAnnex 2. Points to Consider on Good Agricultural and Collection Practice for Starting Materials of Herbal Origin
View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. General
View the document3. Quality assurance
View the document4. Personnel and education
View the document5. Building and facilities
View the document6. Equipment
View the document7. Documentation
View the document8. Seeds and propagation material
View the document9. Cultivation
View the document10. Collection
View the document11. Harvest
View the document12. Primary processing
View the document13. Packaging
View the document14. Storage and distribution
View the documentGlossary
View the documentAnnex 3. Good Agricultural and Collection Practices for Medicinal Plants (GACP), Japan
View the documentAnnex 4. A model structure for monographs on good agricultural practices for specific medicinal plants
View the documentAnnex 5. Sample record for cultivated medicinal plants
View the documentAnnex 6. Participants in the WHO Consultation on Good Agricultural and Field Collection Practices for Medicinal Plants

7. Documentation

7.1 All processes and procedures that could affect the quality of the product must be documented.

7.2 Extraordinary circumstances during the growth period that may influence the chemical composition of the medicinal plant/herbal drug such as extreme weather conditions and pests, particularly in the harvest period must be documented.

7.3 For cultivated medicinal plants/herbal drugs all processing steps have to be documented including the location of cultivation. Field records showing previous crops and plant protect products used should be maintained by all growers.

7.4 For cultivated medicinal plants/herbal drugs, it is essential to document the type, quantity and the date of harvest as well as the chemicals and other substances used during production such as fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and growth promoters.

7.5 The application of fumigation agents must be documented.

7.6 The geographic location of the collection area and the harvest period should be described as precise as possible.

7.7 All batches from each designated area should be unambiguously and unmistakably identified by batch number. Assignment of batch number should take place at an early stage. Collected and cultivated medicinal plant/herbal drug material should carry different batch numbers.

7.8 Batches from different geographical areas shall be mixed only if it can be guaranteed that the mixture itself will be homogenous. Such processes should be well documented.

7.9 All agreements (production guidelines, contracts etc.) between producer or collector and buyer should be in written form. It should be documented that cultivation, harvesting and production have been performed in accordance with these agreements. Minimum information included in the documentation should cover geographical location, country of origin and responsible producer.

7.10 The results of audits should be documented in an audit report (copies of all documents, audit reports, analysis reports) to be stored for a minimum of 10 years.

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