WHO Guidelines on Good Agricultural and Collection Practices (GACP) for Medicinal Plants
(2003; 80 pages) [French] [Spanish] View the PDF document
Table of Contents
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentForeword
Open this folder and view contents1. General introduction
Open this folder and view contents2. Good agricultural practices for medicinal plants
Open this folder and view contents3. Good collection practices for medicinal plants
Open this folder and view contents4. Common technical aspects of good agricultural practices for medicinal plants and good collection practices for medicinal plants
Open this folder and view contents5. Other relevant issues
View the documentBibliography
View the documentAnnex 1. Good Agricultural Practice for Traditional Chinese Medicinal Materials, People's Republic of China
Close this folderAnnex 2. Points to Consider on Good Agricultural and Collection Practice for Starting Materials of Herbal Origin
View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. General
View the document3. Quality assurance
View the document4. Personnel and education
View the document5. Building and facilities
View the document6. Equipment
View the document7. Documentation
View the document8. Seeds and propagation material
View the document9. Cultivation
View the document10. Collection
View the document11. Harvest
View the document12. Primary processing
View the document13. Packaging
View the document14. Storage and distribution
View the documentGlossary
View the documentAnnex 3. Good Agricultural and Collection Practices for Medicinal Plants (GACP), Japan
View the documentAnnex 4. A model structure for monographs on good agricultural practices for specific medicinal plants
View the documentAnnex 5. Sample record for cultivated medicinal plants
View the documentAnnex 6. Participants in the WHO Consultation on Good Agricultural and Field Collection Practices for Medicinal Plants
 

2. General

2.1 This "Points to Consider" document is intended to address the specific concerns of growing, collecting and primary processing of medicinal plants/herbal drugs that are used for medicinal purposes. It addresses specific issues associated with agricultural production and collection of medicinal plants/herbal drugs in the wild. These considerations should be read in connection with GMP guidelines for APIs and should apply to all methods of production including organic production in accordance with regional and/or national regulations. These provide additional standards for the production and processing of medicinal plants/herbal drugs insofar as they mainly focus on identifying those critical production steps that are needed to ensure good quality.

2.2 The main aim is to ensure consumer safety by establishing appropriate quality standards for medicinal plants/herbal drugs. Especially important aspects are that medicinal plants/herbal drugs:

- are produced hygienically, in order to reduce microbiological load to a minimum,

- are handled with care so that medicinal plants/herbal drugs are not adversely affected during collection, cultivation, processing and storage.


During the course of the production process medicinal plants/herbal drugs and their preparations are exposed to a large number of microbiological and other contaminants. This "Points to Consider" provides recommendations for producers to reduce contamination to a minimum.

2.3 These "Points to Consider" are intended for all participants from primary producers to traders and processors. Therefore, producers, traders and processors of medicinal plants/herbal drugs should comply with these considerations, document all relevant activities in batch documentation and demand that their partners do likewise, unless it can be justified otherwise.

Growers and collectors of medicinal plants/herbal drugs must insure that they avoid damage to existing wildlife habitats. CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered species of Wild Fauna and Flora) must be adhered to.

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