World Health Organization
This report contains the collective views of an international group of experts and does not necessarily represent the decisions or the stated policy of the World Health Organization
WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data
WHO Expert Committee on Drug Dependence (2002: Geneva, Switzerland)
WHO Expert Committee on Drug Dependence: thirty-third report.
(WHO technical report series; 915)
1. Psychotropic drugs - classification 2. Psychotropic drugs - pharmacology 3. Drug and narcotic control 4. Treaties 5. Guidelines I. Title II. Series.
ISBN 92 4 120915 1 (NLM classification: WM 270)
© World Health Organization 2003
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This publication contains the collective views of an international group of experts and does not necessarily represent the decisions or the stated policy of the World Health Organization.
Typeset in Hong Kong
Printed in Singapore
WHO Expert Committee on Drug Dependence
Geneva, 17-20 September 2002
Professor M.S. Bourin, Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Nantes, Nantes, France
Professor Cai Zhiji, Honorary Director, National Institute on Drug Dependence, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
Dr L. De Lima, MD Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas, Houston, TX, USA
Professor A.S. Elmi, Consultant, Rexdale Health Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Dr S. Haghighi, Deputy Director for Production, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Farvardin, Islamic Republic of Iran
Dr E.M.A. Ombaka, Director, Ecumenical Pharmaceutical Network, Westlands, Nairobi, Kenya
Professor C.R. Schuster, Director, Substance Abuse Research Division & Addiction Research Institute, Wayne State University, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, Detroit, MI, USA (Rapporteur)
Professor S. Suryawati, Head, Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Professor T. Suzuki, Department of Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, Hoshi University, Tokyo, Japan
Professor W. Wieniawski, Chairman, Polish Pharmacopoeia Commission, Warsaw, Poland (Chairman)
Representatives of other organizations
Consumers International (CI/IOCU)
Mr C. Medawar, Consumers International, London, England
International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Associations (IFPMA)
Dr W. Erni, International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Associations, Geneva, Switzerland
International Narcotics Control Board (INCB)
Dr E.L.A. Carlini, Member, International Narcotics Control Board, Vienna, Austria
United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP)
Dr B. Remberg, Scientific Expert, United Nations International Drug Control Programme, Vienna, Austria
Dr J. Tomas-Rossello, Expert in Drug Abuse Treatment, United Nations International Drug Control Programme, Vienna, Austria
World Self-Medication Industry (WSMI)
Dr J.A. Reinstein, Director-General, World Self-Medication Industry, London, England
Dr R. Edwards, Director, Uppsala Monitoring Centre, Uppsala, Sweden (Temporary Adviser)
Mr S. Elliott, Regional Laboratory for Toxicology, City Hospital NHS Trust, Birmingham, England (Temporary Adviser)
Dr L. Rägo, Coordinator, Quality Assurance and Safety: Medicines, Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
Mr T. Yoshida, Scientist, Quality Assurance and Safety: Medicines, Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland (Secretary)