How to Develop and Implement a National Drug Policy - WHO Policy Perspectives on Medicines, No. 006, January 2003
(2003; 6 pages) [French] [Spanish] View the PDF document
Table of Contents
View the documentWhat is a national drug policy?
View the documentObjectives of a national drug policy
View the documentThe essential medicine concept is central to a national drug policy
View the documentThe national drug policy process
Close this folderKey components of a national drug policy
View the documentSelection of essential medicines
View the documentAffordability
View the documentFinancing options
View the documentSupply systems
View the documentRegulation and quality assurance
View the documentRational use
View the documentResearch
View the documentHuman resources development
View the documentMonitoring and evaluation
View the documentKey documents

Supply systems

Another essential component is a reliable supply system. Various types of supply systems exist which vary considerably with respect to the role of the private sector and the incentives for efficiency. But whatever system is developed, its aim is to ensure continued availability of essential medicines with low rates of stock-outs and low costs of medicines. Key policy issues are to:

• promoting a public-private mix in medicine supply and distribution systems;

• commiting to good pharmaceutical procurement practices in the public sector;

• publishing price information on raw materials and finished products;

• ensuring medicine supply systems in acute emergencies;

• carrying out inventory control, and taking measures for prevention of theft and waste;

• ensuring disposal of unwanted or expired medicines.


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