How to Develop and Implement a National Drug Policy - WHO Policy Perspectives on Medicines, No. 006, January 2003
(2003; 6 pages) [French] [Spanish] View the PDF document
Table of Contents
View the documentWhat is a national drug policy?
View the documentObjectives of a national drug policy
View the documentThe essential medicine concept is central to a national drug policy
View the documentThe national drug policy process
Close this folderKey components of a national drug policy
View the documentSelection of essential medicines
View the documentAffordability
View the documentFinancing options
View the documentSupply systems
View the documentRegulation and quality assurance
View the documentRational use
View the documentResearch
View the documentHuman resources development
View the documentMonitoring and evaluation
View the documentKey documents

Financing options

Ensuring stable and adequate financing for health care is becoming increasingly difficult in the face of economic pressures, continued population growth and the growing burden of disease. Countries vary greatly with respect to income levels, population, health care expenditure and national spending on pharmaceuticals which may vary from US$2 to US$ 400 per capita per year. In countries where government policies are not geared to protecting the needs of the poorest people, the poor may be denied access to drugs. Key policy issues are:

• commitment to measures to improve efficiency and reduce waste;

• increased government funding for priority diseases, and the poor and disadvantaged;

• promotion of medicine reimbursement as part of public and private health insurance schemes;

• use of user charges only as a temporary drug financing option;

• limiting the use of development loans within identified national priorities;

• following national or WHO guidelines for medicine donations.


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